The colloquial written language today can be found mostly in textbooks and in dialogs in literature.
Tamil is written horizontally from left to right, and its basic set of symbols consists of 18 consonants and 12 vowels.
During the British rule of India, Tamil-speaking indentured laborers were sent to many parts of the British empire where they founded Tamil-speaking communities.
Today, their descendants form sizeable Tamil-speaking populations in Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius and South Africa.
They are inflected for the following categories: Word order The standard word order in Tamil is Subject-Object-Verb.
The verb must always be at the end of the sentence, even though variation in the order of other sentence constituents is sometimes possible.
It is spoken as a native language by 61.5 million people in India, primarily in Tamil Nadu and neighboring states, and in northeastern Sri Lanka, as well as by 8 million second-language speakers (Ethnologue).
It has an unbroken literary tradition of over two thousand years, during which time the written language has undergone relatively little change.
As a result, classical literature is a part of everyday Tamil along with modern literature.
Tamil is spoken by 3.8 million people in Sri Lanka.
It is the national language of Sri Lanka along with Sinhalese (Ethnologue).
It is written with a syllabic alphabet in which all consonants have an inherent vowel.